On three new coins for 2013, five generals who attended or taught at the Command and General Staff College (CGSC) of the United States Army are honored. The CGSC was founded 132 years ago in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
These generals' five portraits are distributed among the front faces (obverses) of the three coins. The designs on the reverses symbolize the CGSC. Surcharges will be paid to help finance the CGSC Foundation's activities, which support the college.
The CGSC, established in 1881, has helped to educate and train Army officers in times of war and peace. The military training that students received at the college have been key to our nation's success in many conflicts, which have helped preserve our freedoms and our way of life.
The CGSC is the country's oldest and largest military staff college. The 5-star generals who attended or taught at CGSC are Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Henry "Hap" Arnold, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Omar N. Bradley.
The 5-dollar gold coin's obverse features a portrait of General Douglas MacArthur. The 5-star insignia appears on the right side of the design. The reverse features the Leavenworth Lamp, the symbol of the CGSC.
The portraits on the front of the silver dollar are of Generals George C. Marshall and Dwight D. Eisenhower. The background is striped and the 5-star insignia is shown above their heads. The reverse features the Leavenworth Lamp with the heraldic crest of Fort Leavenworth on its side.
Portraits of generals Henry "Hap" Arnold and Omar N. Bradley are shown on the front of the clad half dollar. The 5-star insignia appears above and between their heads. On the back, the crest of Fort Leavenworth appears, which includes two banners. An eagle holds one banner that says "Leavenworth." Another banner says "Ad Bellum Pace Parati," which means "Prepared in peace for war."
In 2013, the United States Mint honors the 100th anniversary (centennial) of the Girl Scouts of the USA by minting of a commemorative coin. The silver dollar's designs symbolize the Girl Scouts anniversary.
The Act was passed in honor of the Girl Scouts and of the achievements of the 59 million women across the nation whose lives have been influenced by Girl Scouting. The coin will be made in proof and uncirculated qualities. Surcharges from the coins' sale will be paid to the Girl Scouts of the USA to help fund Girl Scout programs.
The Girl Scouts was established on March 12, 1912, by Juliette Gordon Low in Savannah, Georgia. A century later, the organization had more than 3.1 million members in 47,744 troops throughout the United States and its territories.
Members of the Girl Scouts are part of an international family of 10 million girls and adults. It is the world's main leadership organization dedicated solely to building girls' characters and skills for success.
The design on the obverse (front) depicts three girls who represent the diversity of members of the Girl Scouts of the USA. The inscriptions "Courage," "Confidence," and "Character" are based directly on the Girl Scouts mission statement: "Girl Scouting builds girls of courage, confidence, and character, who make the world a better place." The 100th anniversary trefoil symbol at the bottom signifies the centennial celebration.
On the back (reverse), the large trefoil symbol incorporates girls' profiles. It is the official symbol of the Girl Scouts of the USA.
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