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The United States Bullion Depository Fort Knox, Kentucky

  • Amount of gold holdings in 2006:  147.3 million ounces.
  • The only gold removed has been very small quantities used to test the purity during regular audits. No other gold has entered or left the depository for many years.
  • The gold is held as an asset of the United States at a book value of $42.22 per ounce.
  • The depository opened in 1937. The first gold arrived in January that year.
  • Highest amount of gold holdings in the 20th century: 649.6 million ounces (December 31, 1941).
  • Size of a standard gold bar: 7 inches x 3-5/8 inches x 1-3/4 inches.
  • Weight of a standard gold bar: about 400 ounces or 27.5 pounds.
  • Construction of the depository:
  • Building materials used included 16,000 cubic feet of granite, 4,200 cubic yards of concrete, 750 tons of reinforcing steel, and 670 tons of structural steel.
    • Cost of construction was $560,000.
    • Building was completed in December 1936.
    • At certain times in the past, the depository has stored valuable items such as:
    • Declaration of Independence
    • U.S. Constitution
    • Articles of Confederation
    • Lincoln's Gettysburg address
    • Three volumes of the Gutenberg Bible
    • Lincoln's second inaugural address
    • Magna Carta
    • Crown, sword, scepter, orb, and cape of St. Stephen, King of Hungary (returned to the government of Hungary in 1978).
    • The depository is a classified facility. Without exception, no visitors are admitted.

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