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December Coin of the Month

Wilson Presidential $1 Coin

Woodrow Wilson, former president of Princeton University and professor of political science, was a long-time student of government and a very active President.  In his two terms in office, he spearheaded major legislation, such as: 

  • Lowered tariffs (the Underwood Act) and created a federal income tax
  • Centralized the money supply (Federal Reserve Act)
  • Created a Federal Trade Commission
  • Tried to broker peace in Europe and the Americas, especially Mexico and the Caribbean
  • Prohibited child labor
  • Limited railroad workers to an eight-hour work day

This legislation and his ability to keep the United States out of World War I during his first term allowed him to win re-election.  His failing peace efforts in Europe and Germany's ongoing submarine attacks, however, forced him to ask Congress to declare war on Germany in 1917, and Congress agreed. 

Wilson was the first president to hold regular press conferences. He was able to quickly mobilize the nation to focus on the war effort. 

Wilson also put together a clear statement of the reasons the United States was fighting the war, a statement known as the Fourteen Points.  This goal statement became the foundation for peace talks when the Germans were ready to surrender. 

Find out more about President Wilson on the Woodrow Wilson Presidential $1 Coin page. 

—Peter

Peter, the Mint Eagle

Teacher Feature

Front of the Wilson $1 Coin.
Obverse:  The image depicts Woodrow Wilson, 28th president (1913 to 1921).

Back of the Presidential $1 Coin.
Reverse:  The Statue of Liberty accompanies the inscriptions " United States of America" and "$1." Other inscriptions are found around the coin's edge.



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