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October Coin of the Month

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential $1 Coin

This month, let’s talk about the man on the 32nd Presidential $1 Coin, the longest-serving president in our history, Franklin Delano Roosevelt.  His fifth cousin, who he admired, was the one who inspired FDR to be active in politics.  FDR’s cousin was Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president more than two decades before him.

The Great Depression that had begun in 1929 was in full swing when FDR was elected in 1932.  A classic example of his optimism was also one of his most famous quotes, from his first inaugural address: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

Roosevelt lost no time setting up programs to help the nation regain its financial foothold.  In 1933, he proposed a sweeping program called the "New Deal," which Congress enacted.  In 1935, another wave of reforms included the Social Security Program and a huge work relief program for those without jobs.

In 1936, FDR was re-elected by a wide margin, and was re-elected again in 1940 and 1944.  He was able to be elected to the presidency four times because the Constitution had not yet been modified by the 22nd amendment.  The amendment, which limits a president’s terms to two, was proposed in 1947 and adopted in 1951.

Roosevelt pledged the United States to the "good neighbor" policy, an agreement among nations in the Americas to support each other against foreign aggressors.  He tried through neutrality to keep the United States out of World War II, yet at the same time sent help to friendly nations that were threatened or attacked.

When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt rallied our resources for global war.  At the same time, he put a lot of thought into the creation of a United Nations, where international conflicts would hopefully be settled.

Continually fighting polio since 1921, he died near the start of his fourth term on April 12, 1945.  Learn more about this amazing man on the FDR Presidential $1 Coin page.

—Plinky 

Plinky, the Mint Pig

Teacher Feature

The front of the FDR Presidential $1 Coin.
Obverse:  Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd president (1933 to 1945), is front and center.

The back of the Presidential $1 coin.
Reverse:  The Statue of Liberty accompanies the inscriptions "United States of America" and "$1." Other inscriptions are found around the coin’s edge.



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