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Andrew Jackson 2008
Image of Presidential $1 coin shows Andrew Jackson, his name, and the dates he held office: 1829 to 1837.

Andrew Jackson was the first president elected from a state west of the Appalachian Mountains (Tennessee).  At the age of 13, he served a South Carolina regiment during the Revolutionary War.  Jackson later became famous as a hero of the War of 1812.  His sternness as a commander earned him the nickname “Old Hickory.”

As president, Jackson worked to strengthen the executive branch and vetoed more bills than the six prior presidents combined.  He was chosen to run for a second term, but in a different way from previous presidents.  Instead of Congress holding a special meeting to pick a candidate, Jackson’s party held a convention.  Jackson was elected for a second term.

He strongly believed in the power of the federal government over states’ rights so the country could stay united.  During Jackson’s term, Congress enacted a tariff on certain goods.  When one state didn’t agree with the tariff, Jackson took a strong stand against the state’s refusal to pay.

President Jackson authorized three new branches of the United States Mint in 1835.  The branches were opened in the Southern cities of New Orleans (Louisiana), Charlotte (North Carolina), and Dahlonega (Georgia).

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