Monroe was elected president in 1816 and reelected in 1820.
Monroe acquired Florida from Spain with help from Andrew Jackson, and formed the Monroe Doctrine with his secretary of state, John Quincy Adams.
He made an agreement with Great Britain (1817) that both nations would limit the number of weapons their ships carried on the Great Lakes.
He helped settle the question of the boundary between the United States and Canada.
He supported the American Colonization Society’s experiment in settling Liberia (Africa), and the city of Monrovia was named after him.
Monroe retired to his estate, Oak Hill, near Leesburg, Virginia.
Though only the fifth president, he was the third president to die on the 4th of July…in 1831.
He was visiting New York City at the time.