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Teacher Feature

Teacher Feature

Treaty Timeline


Students will use the 2013 Native American $1 Coin to learn about the events surrounding the signing of the first formal treaty between the United States and an American Indian tribe.


The 2013 Native American $1 Coin features a turkey, wolf, and turtle (all symbols of the clans of the Delaware Tribe) and a ring of 13 stars to represent the original 13 colonies.  Read the April Coin of the Month to learn more.

As a class, discuss the terms “sovereign government,” “constitution,” and “treaty.”  Have the students share what they know about the Delaware Tribe and the original 13 colonies.  Record the student responses on chart paper.

Using information from the April Coin of the Month and class discussions, invite the students to further research the first formal treaty between the United States and an Indian tribe on September 17, 1778.  Invite the students to focus their research on who was involved, where it took place, and why it was needed.

Have the students create a detailed (hourly) timeline of September 17, 1778.  Have each student or small group develop one time component and combine all for a complete timeline.  Have the students create images that historically signify the key events of the day.

Make a Connection

Native American $1 Coin lesson plans are available on the United States Mint H.I.P. Pocket Change Web site for use in your classroom.

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