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Geometric Celebration

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Summary

Starting with the Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial quarter, students will demonstrate an understanding of two-dimensional and three-dimensional geometric shapes.

Coin Type(s)

  • Quarter

Coin Program(s)

  • America The Beautiful Quarters

Objectives

Starting with the Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial quarter, students will demonstrate an understanding of two-dimensional and three-dimensional geometric shapes.

Major Subject Area Connections

  • Language Arts
  • Math

Minor/supporting Subject Area Connections

  • Art

Grades

  • Kindergarten
  • First grade

Class Time

Sessions: Two
Session Length: 20-30 minutes
Total Length: 46-90 minutes

Groupings

  • Whole group
  • Individual work

Materials

  • Worksheets:
    • "Perry’s Victory and International Peace Memorial Quarter"
    • "Geometric Celebration"
  • An age-appropriate text that gives information about geometric shapes, such as:
    • The Greedy Triangle by Marilyn Burns and Gordon Silveria
    • The Shape of Things by Dayle Ann Dodds
    • Cubes, Cones, Cylinders and Spheres by Tana Hoban
  • Age-appropriate, relevant Web sites, such as:
    • National Park Service: www.nps.gov
    • Perry’s Victory and International Peace Memorial: www.nps.gov www.nps.gov/pevi

Worksheets and Files

Lesson plan, worksheet(s), and rubric (if any) at www.usmint.gov/kids/teachers/lessonPlans/pdf/377.pdf.

  1. Display and examine the "Perry’s Victory and International Peace Memorial Quarter" page. Study the image more at www.usmint.gov/mint_programs/atb/?local=PerrysVictory. Locate this national site on a class map. Note its position in relation to your school’s location. Tell the students the front of a coin is called the "obverse" and the back is called the "reverse." Explain to the students that the United States Mint began to issue the quarters in the America the Beautiful Quarters® Program in 2010. By the time the program ends in 2021, there will be a total of 56 designs. Each design will focus on a different national site—one from each state, territory and the District of Columbia.
  2. Examine the image on the coin. Discuss the statue on the coin and tell the students it is of a man named Commander Oliver Hazard Perry. Tell the students that the monument is in honor of him and other men who died in the Battle of Lake Erie and are buried there. Direct the students’ attention to the column in the image. Tell them that this column rises 352 feet over Lake Erie and celebrates the long-lasting peace among Britain, Canada and the United States.
  3. Make this height easier for the students to visualize by first showing them what one foot looks like. Measure a student. Tell them how many feet tall that student is and explain to the students it would take a certain number of that student to be as tall as 352 feet. For example, "If Max is four feet tall, it would take 88 Maxes to be as tall as the column." If they know of a building about 35 stories tall, it’s also comparable.
  4. Read the students the chosen text on geometric shapes. Make a class chart of various two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes, such as squares, triangles, circles, cylinders and triangular prisms. If available, show the class some manipulatives of each of the shapes. Redirect their attention to the column in the coin image. Ask the students to identify the geometric shapes they see in the image.  Some responses should include circle (the coin), rectangle (top of column) and cylinder (column).
  5. Introduce the students to the "Geometric Celebration" worksheet. Explain to them that they will be creating their own coin image using pattern blocks and, if available, some three-dimensional manipulatives, to make an abstract design of their choice.
  6. Have the students complete the "Geometric Celebration" worksheets. Present the students’ finished worksheets to the class and display them.
There are no modification options for this lesson plan.
  • Take anecdotal notes about the students’ participation in class discussions.
  • Evaluate the students’ worksheets and projects for understanding of the lesson objectives.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: W.4 Writing
Grade(s): Grade 4
Cluster: Text Types and Purposes
Standards:

  • W.4.1. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
    • Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
    • Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
    • Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).
    • Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
  • W.4.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
    • Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
    • Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
    • Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
    • Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
    • Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
  • W.4.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
    • Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.
    • Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
    • Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.
    • Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
    • Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: W.K Writing
Grade(s): Grade 4
Cluster: Text Types and Purposes
Standards:

  • W.K.1. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...).
  • W.K.2. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.
  • W.K.3. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: W.1 Writing
Grade(s): Grade 4
Cluster: Text Types and Purposes
Standards:

  • W.1.1. Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure.
  • W.1.2. Write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.
  • W.1.3. Write narratives in which they recount two or more appropriately sequenced events, include some details regarding what happened, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide some sense of closure.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: All Language Arts Standards
Cluster: Literacy Communities
Grade(s): Grades K–12
Standards:

  • Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.

Discipline: Mathematics
Domain: K-2 Geometry
Cluster: Analyze characteristics and properties of two- and three-dimensional geometric shapes and develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships.
Grade(s): Grades K–12
Standards:

In K through grade 2 all students should

  • recognize, name, build, draw, compare, and sort two- and three-dimensional shapes;
  • describe attributes and parts of two- and three-dimensional shapes;
  • investigate and predict the results of putting together and taking apart two- and three-dimensional shapes.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: All Language Arts Standards
Cluster: Applying Strategies to Writing
Grade(s): Grades K–12
Standards:

  • Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: All Language Arts Standards
Cluster: Applying Strategies to Text
Grade(s): Grades K–12
Standards:

  • Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound–letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).

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