Ancient Story Problems
Main Subject Area: Mathematics
Additional Subjects: Social Studies
Duration of Lesson: 90 minutes
Additional Subject Area Standard(s):
Students will learn about the history of ancient Rome and Greece.
Ancient Roman and Greek coins FAQs - http://www.math.montana.edu/~umsfwest/numis/index.html
Roman History, Coins and Technology - http://myron.sjsu.edu/index.htm
An overview of ancient coins - http://www.ancientcoinmarket.com/ds/overview/begin4.html
Possible Books to use:
Grant, Michael. Roman History From Coins. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1995.
Harper, David C., editor. North American Coins and Prices 9th edition. New York: Krause Publications, 2001.
Klawans, Zander. Handbook of Ancient Greek and Roman Coins. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing, Co., 1995.
Lindheim, Leon. Facts and Fictions about Coins – an uncommon guidebook to the wonderful world of numismatics Cleveland, Ohio: World Publishing Co., 1967.
Official 2001 Blackbook Price Guide to United States Coins. Random House, Inc., 2000.
Schwarz, Ted. Coins as Living History. New York: Arco Publishing Inc., 1976.
Sutherland, Carol H.V. Art In Coinage. New York: Philosophical Library, Inc., 1956.
Coins Used in Lesson:
All current circulating U.S. coins
Grade Level(s): 3-5 6-8
2. Each group should write their ideas on butcher paper and post them around the room to share with other groups.
3. Each student will need to write a story problem using ancient Greek or Roman coins and settings. You can give the students guidelines (grading rubric) for which mathematical operations should be used in their problems and how many steps their problems should include.
4. For each ancient story problem they write, the student will write a modern story problem. See example below:
A Roman laborer made one Denarius per day. A Denarius could purchase - 25 pounds of bread or 10 pounds of olive oil. How many days would the laborer need to work to buy 30 pounds of oil? If he eats 2 pounds of bread per day, how many days does he have to work to buy bread for 50 days?
A modern day worker makes $50 a day. If a loaf of bread costs $0.99 then how many loaves can he buy after working one day? How much change would he have left over?
Assessment / Evaluation:
Differentiated Learning Options: