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Mountains of Traits

Grades 2 and 3

Social Studies, Language Arts, Art

Lesson Plan Summary

Starting with the Mount Rushmore National Memorial quarter, students will demonstrate an understanding of research. Students will write and illustrate narrative stories.

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Mountains of Traits (PDF, 0.6 MB)

National Standards associated with this lesson plan

Language Arts

National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)

International Reading Association (IRA)

  • Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).
  • Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes.
  • Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and nonprint texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.
  • Students use a variety of technological and informational resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.

Social Studies

National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS)

  • Time, Continuity, and Change
  • People, Places and Environment
  • Individual Development and Identity
  • Civic Ideals and Practices
Mount Rushmore National Memorial quarter image
Mount Rushmore
National Memorial Quarter
South Dakota

The Department of the Treasury Seal