Formative Years in Indiana Lincoln Penny
- Year of Issue: 2009
- Authorizing Legislation: Public Law 109-145
The Formative Years in Indiana Lincoln Penny is the second coin in the Lincoln Bicentennial One Cent Program. In 2009, the U.S. Mint issued four different pennies throughout the year in recognition of the bicentennial (200th anniversary) of Lincoln’s birth and centennial (100th anniversary) of the first year of the Lincoln cent. The themes on the reverses represent the four major aspects of Lincoln’s life.
Formative Years in Indiana (1816-1830)
Abe grew into a skilled plowman and woodcutter at his new home in southern Indiana. For a frontier farm boy in those days, there wasn’t much time for learning from books or going to school. Yet his parents loved to read and passed that love on to their son.
He often carried a book along with his axe. By the age of 11, he had read The Life of Washington, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, Robinson Crusoe, and A Thousand and One Arabian Nights. The design on this coin captures this part of Lincoln’s life by showing him reading while he takes a break from his work as a rail splitter.
While in Indiana, his mother Nancy died. This was a terrible loss for 9-year-old Abraham. But his father later married Sarah Bush Johnston, who proved to be a kind and caring stepmother. The next time the family moved, Abraham was 21.
The obverse (heads) shows the familiar Victor David Brenner likeness of President Abraham Lincoln used on the penny since 1909.
The reverse (tails) depicts a young Lincoln educating himself while working as a rail splitter in Indiana.
- IN GOD WE TRUST
- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
- ONE CENT
- E PLURIBUS UNUM
Mint and Mint Mark
The circulating version of these coins uses the same metal content as other modern cents (2.5 percent copper, the rest zinc). The uncirculated version contains the metals used in the original 1909 cent (95 percent copper, 5 percent tin and zinc).
- Designer: Victor D. Brenner
- Charles Vickers