American Bison Nickel
CharacteristicsReverse Description: The first of two reverses on the 2005-dated nickel features the American bison, recognizing the Native Americans and wildlife encountered by the Lewis and Clark expedition. Expedition journals described the buffalo, and it was an animal of great significance to many Native American cultures.
The design was created by United States Mint Artistic Infusion Program artist, Jamie Franki, of Concord, North Carolina. United States Mint sculptor-engraver Norman E. Nemeth sculpted the design. The image of a buffalo adorned the reverse of the nickel from 1913-1938.
Obverse Description: "President Jefferson with Handwritten Liberty"
The obverse design for the 2005 nickels bear, for the first time in 67 years, a new likeness of America's third president, Thomas Jefferson. The "Liberty" inscription on the coin is based upon Jefferson's own handwriting. The design is based on the marble bust of Jefferson by the French sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon, completed in 1789. The design was made age-appropriate to his presidency by utilizing later paintings by Gilbert Stuart and Rembrandt Peale. The new obverse image of President Jefferson replaces the image that had been on the nickel since 1938.
The design was created by United States Mint Artistic Infusion Program artist, Joe Fitzgerald, of Silver Spring, Maryland. United States Mint sculptor-engraver Don Everhart sculpted the design.
- IN GOD WE TRUST
- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
- E PLURIBUS UNUM
- FIVE CENTS
Mint and Mint Mark
- Sculptor: Don Everhart, Sculptor-Engraver
- Designer: Joe Fitzgerald
- Sculptor: Norman Nemeth
- Designer: Jamie Franki, Artistic Infusion Program