The last of the 13 original colonies, it was named Georgia in honor of King George II. In 1732, this English king granted a charter to found the colony. He wanted it to be a haven for the poor and unemployed, and for persecuted Protestants from Germany and Austria. James E. Oglethorpe led about 120 people to the colony in 1733.
Nickname: The Peach State
Statehood: January 2, 1788