The Commonwealth statue has been on top of the state’s capitol dome since May 25, 1905. Her right arm is extended in mercy; her left arm holds a ribbon mace to symbolize justice.
During the Civil War, Pennsylvania earned its nickname as the “Keystone State.” Its location was seen as a “key” or critical stone in the colonies’ wall against attack from the South. The Battle of Gettysburg, a critical turning point in the war, took place in the southeast corner of Pennsylvania.
Nickname: The Keystone State
Statehood: December 12, 1787