- Students will solve story problems involving money.
- Students will use higher level critical thinking skills to develop their own strategies for solving the problems.
- History & Government
- Total Time: 0-45 Minutes minutes
- Assorted coins (real coins, play money, or other manipulatives)
- Bags or other containers to hold the money
- George's Place Menu and Let's Eat at George's! worksheets
- Paper and pencil
- Hand out a copies of the associated worksheets to each student. Explain to students that they should pretend that they are eating at an American Diner called "George's Place." (See if students can figure out the meaning behind the restaurant's name.) Read the menu together and discuss the meaning behind some of the foods' names.
- Organize students into groups and give each group one bag of money. Each small group should work together to count their money, determining how much can be spent on dinner. The groups will be "dining" together with only that amount of money, so they will need to work together to ensure that everyone is able to order a meal.
- Once students have counted their money and confirmed the amount with the teacher, they may begin ordering their meals. Instruct students to write down what they will be eating and the cost on the top portion of their "Let's Eat at George's!" work page.
- Once everyone has decided on what they would like to eat and calculated the cost, the groups will need to add the amounts together to see if they have enough money. If they do, they can proceed. If they do not, they will need to make adjustments to their orders.
- Once students have completed the first activity, have them complete the rest of the work page, solving the story problems using "George's Place Menu."
- When everyone has finished, ask groups to share what they ordered, the cost, and how much they had left over (if any). Go over some strategies used in solving these money problems. To assess learning, look for both correct answers and strategies that show solid mathematical thinking.
Common Core Standards
- 2.OA.2. Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, eg, by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.
- develop and use strategies for whole-number computations, with a focus on addition and subtraction;
- develop fluency with basic number combinations for addition and subtraction; and
- use a variety of methods and tools to compute, including objects, mental computation, estimation, paper and pencil, and calculators.
Discipline: Mathematics Domain: All Problem Solving Cluster: Instructional programs from kindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to Grade(s): Grades K–2 Standards:
- Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving
- Solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts
- Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems
- Monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving
Discipline: Mathematics Domain: 3-5 Number and Operations Cluster: Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates. Grade(s): Grades K–2 Standards: In grades 3–5 all students should
- develop fluency with basic number combinations for multiplication and division and use these combinations to mentally compute related problems, such as 30 × 50;
- develop fluency in adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers;
- develop and use strategies to estimate the results of whole-number computations and to judge the reasonableness of such results;
- develop and use strategies to estimate computations involving fractions and decimals in situations relevant to students' experience;
- use visual models, benchmarks, and equivalent forms to add and subtract commonly used fractions and decimals; and
- select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators, and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation and use the selected method or tools.