|Composition:||Copper-plated zinc (2.5% copper, balance zinc)|
|Diameter:||0.750 in. 19.05 mm|
In 1857, Congress authorized the United States Mint to strike the penny with 88% copper and 12% nickel. The new coins featured a flying eagle on the obverse and a wreath on the reverse. The “Indian Head” design appeared from 1859-1909.
From 1909 to 1958, the Lincoln "wheat" penny obverse was paired with a reverse that featured two sheaves of wheat flanking the inscriptions ONE CENT and UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. From 1959 to 2008, the reverse featured an image of the Lincoln Memorial designed by Frank Gasparro commemorating the 150th anniversary of Lincoln’s birth.
In 2009, the United States Mint issued four different pennies throughout the year in recognition of the bicentennial of Lincoln’s birth and centennial of the first year of the Lincoln cent. The themes on the reverses represent the four major aspects of Lincoln’s life:
Production figures for circulating coins by denomination are updated monthly.