Mint Technical Staff Aids Development of 2015 American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin

By Office of Corporate Communications
July 22, 2015

American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin obverse die
American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin obverse die

When the Mint came up with the idea for the 2015 American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin, the United States Mint’s technical staff was tasked with the challenge of determining the viability.

The development team at the Philadelphia facility started on a test design, or high-relief nonsense design, that would embody the high-relief elements of the yet to be determined designs. Based on several technical factors, the 2009 Ultra-High-Relief obverse and reverse designs were selected and modified with powerful 3-D sculpting software to the proposed diameter and edge thickness configurations of the 2015 high-relief gold coin.

After the software phase, the team developed gold blank specifications and ordered test blanks. Concurrently, using state-of-the-art technology, the team manufactured research dies directly on computer numerical controlled, or CNC, milling machines. Milling is a machining process that uses a rotating cutting tool to etch the design onto the metal die, which is used to strike the coin. Once the gold test blanks arrived, the coin development team struck 20 gold coins to test the coining characteristics of this high-relief concept. The strikes were successful, and the resulting coins were used to develop specifications for coin-to-capsule fit so capsule molds could be manufactured well ahead of final coin availability.

Shortly after the team completed research strikes the final 2015 American Liberty High Relief Gold design arrived. Once the team finalized the gold sculpts in plaster, they scanned and converted obverse and reverse plaster models into digital 3-D data. The technical staff loaded these data sets into computer-aided design software, where lettering, date, mint mark and other features were added. The team then adjusted the sculpts for maximum coinability and started the formal master tooling process.

The team completed the Design Validation (DV), manufactured the dies, worked on DV strikes, conducted coin-to-capsule fit tests and sent the coins and capsules to Headquarters for acceptance.

Philadelphia sent 100 pairs of “W” mint mark gold dies to West Point for production striking.

Read more about the American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin.

American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin reverse die
American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin reverse die

See more Inside the Mint articles

Content last updated on

A list of linkable tags for topics mentioned on this page.