Jovita Idar Quarter
The Jovita Idar Quarter is the ninth coin in the American Women Quarters™ Program. Jovita Idar was a Mexican-American journalist, activist, teacher, and suffragist. She devoted her life to fighting against separatist ideologies and sought to create a better future for Mexican-Americans.
Idar was born on September 7, 1885, in Laredo, Texas. The daughter of a newspaper editor and a civil rights advocate, Idar was exposed to journalism and political activism at a very young age.
Her ideas and practices were ahead of her time. She made it her mission to pursue civil rights for Mexican-Americans and believed education was the foundation for a better future. Idar wrote many news articles in various publications speaking out about racism and supporting the revolution in Mexico.
In 1911, she joined the First Mexicanist Congress in Laredo and organized Mexican-American activists. She and other women formed La Liga Femenil Mexicanista, or the League of Mexican Women, a political and charitable organization that sought to empower Mexican-American women. Idar was chosen as its first president.
Jovita Idar died in San Antonio, Texas on June 15, 1946. Throughout her life, she remained on the front lines of change and advocated fiercely for the rights of women and Mexican-Americans.
The obverse (heads) depicts a portrait of George Washington, originally composed and sculpted by Laura Gardin Fraser to mark George Washington’s 200th birthday. A recommended design for the 1932 quarter, then-Treasury Secretary Mellon ultimately selected the familiar John Flanagan design.
The reverse (tails) depicts a portrait of Jovita Idar with her hands clasped. Within her body are inscriptions representing some of her greatest accomplishments and the newspapers for which she wrote.
- IN GOD WE TRUST
- MEXICAN AMERICAN RIGHTS
- JOVITA IDAR
- EL HERALDO CRISTIANO
- LA CRUZ BLANCA
- LA CRÓNICA
- EL PROGRESO
- LA LIGA FEMENIL MEXICANISTA
- QUARTER DOLLAR
- E PLURIBUS UNUM
- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Mint and Mint Mark
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- Laura Gardin Fraser (1889-1966)
- John P. McGraw, Medallic Artist