Jovita Idar Quarter

2023 American Women Quarters Coin Jovita Idar Line Art Reverse
American Women Quarters

Background

The Jovita Idar Quarter is the ninth coin in the American Women Quarters™ Program. Jovita Idar was a Mexican-American journalist, activist, teacher, and suffragist. She devoted her life to fighting against separatist ideologies and sought to create a better future for Mexican-Americans.

Idar was born on September 7, 1885, in Laredo, Texas. The daughter of a newspaper editor and a civil rights advocate, Idar was exposed to journalism and political activism at a very young age.

Her ideas and practices were ahead of her time. She made it her mission to pursue civil rights for Mexican-Americans and believed education was the foundation for a better future. Idar wrote many news articles in various publications speaking out about racism and supporting the revolution in Mexico.

In 1911, she joined the First Mexicanist Congress in Laredo and organized Mexican-American activists. She and other women formed La Liga Femenil Mexicanista, or the League of Mexican Women, a political and charitable organization that sought to empower Mexican-American women. Idar was chosen as its first president.

Jovita Idar died in San Antonio, Texas on June 15, 1946. Throughout her life, she remained on the front lines of change and advocated fiercely for the rights of women and Mexican-Americans.

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Characteristics

The obverse (heads) depicts a portrait of George Washington, originally composed and sculpted by Laura Gardin Fraser to mark George Washington’s 200th birthday. A recommended design for the 1932 quarter, then-Treasury Secretary Mellon ultimately selected the familiar John Flanagan design.

The reverse (tails) depicts a portrait of Jovita Idar with her hands clasped. Within her body are inscriptions representing some of her greatest accomplishments and the newspapers for which she wrote.

Obverse Inscriptions

  • LIBERTY
  • IN GOD WE TRUST
  • 2023

Reverse Inscriptions

  • MEXICAN AMERICAN RIGHTS
  • TEACHER
  • JOVITA IDAR
  • NURSE
  • EVOLUCIÓN
  • ASTREA
  • EL HERALDO CRISTIANO
  • LA CRUZ BLANCA
  • JOURNALIST
  • LA CRÓNICA
  • EL PROGRESO
  • LA LIGA FEMENIL MEXICANISTA
  • QUARTER DOLLAR
  • E PLURIBUS UNUM
  • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Mint and Mint Mark

Specifications

Composition Weight Diameter Thickness Edge No. of Reeds
Cupro-Nickel
8.33% Nickel
Balance Copper
5.670 g
0.955 in.
24.26 mm
1.75 mm Reeded 119

Artist Information

Obverse
  • Laura Gardin Fraser (1889-1966)
Reverse Content last reviewed August 29, 2022

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