Legislation

As a part of the U.S. Department of Treasury, the United States Mint derives its authority from the United States Congress. Congress authorizes every coin and most medals that the U.S. Mint manufactures and oversees the Mint’s operations under its Public Enterprise Fund (PEF).

For more information on new and forthcoming commemorative coins, circulating coins, bullion coins and medals, visit Coins and Medals.

Research and Development on All Circulating Coins Legislated by Congress

Public Law
Number
Date Bill Passed
into Law
Coin Modernization, Oversight, and Continuity Act of 2010 111-302 December 14, 2010

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Commemorative Coins Legislated by Congress

Public Law
Number
Date Bill Passed
into Law
The U.S. Mint Can Issue this Coin Until Related Products
American Legion 100th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Act 115-65 October 6, 2017 December 31, 2019
Apollo 11 50th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Act 114-282 December 16, 2016 December 31, 2019
Breast Cancer Awareness Commemorative Coin Act 114-148 April 29, 2016 December 31, 2018 Breast Cancer Awareness Commemorative Coin Program
Boys Town Centennial Commemorative Coin Act 114-30 July 6, 2015 December 31, 2017 Boys Town Centennial Commemorative Coin Program
National Park Service 100th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Program (legislative language included in Section 3055 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ‘Buck’ McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015) 113-291 December 19, 2014 December 31, 2016 2016 National Park Service 100th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Program
World War I American Veterans Centennial Commemorative Coin Act 113-212 December 16, 2014 December 31, 2018 2018 World War I Centennial Silver Dollar
March of Dimes Commemorative Coin Act 112-209 December 18, 2012 December 31, 2015 2015 March of Dimes Silver Dollar
Mark Twain Commemorative Coin Act 112-201 December 4, 2012 December 31, 2016 2016 Mark Twain Commemorative Coin Program
Lions Clubs International Century of Service Commemorative Coin Act 112-181 October 5, 2012 December 31, 2017 Lions Clubs International Century of Service Silver Dollar
National Baseball Hall of Fame Commemorative Coin Act 112-152 August 3, 2012 December 31, 2014 2014 National Baseball Hall of Fame Commemorative Coin Program
United States Marshals Service 225th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Program 112-104 April 2, 2012 December 31, 2015 2015 U.S. Marshals Service 225th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Program
Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin Act 111-232 August 16, 2010 December 31, 2012 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative Coin Program
5-Star Generals Commemorative Coin Act 111-262 October 8, 2010 December 31, 2013 2013 5-Star Generals Commemorative Coin Program
Medal of Honor Commemorative Coin Act of 2009 111-91 November 6, 2009 December 31, 2011 2011 Medal of Honor Commemorative Coin Program
Girl Scouts USA Centennial Commemorative Coin Act 111-86 October 29, 2009 December 31, 2013 2013 Girl Scouts of the USA Centennial Silver Dollar
Jamestown Commemorative Coin Program Amendment 111-86, Section 8 October 29, 2009 N/A Jamestown 400th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Program
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Commemorative Coin Act 110-451 December 2, 2008 December 31, 2014 2014 Civil Rights Act of 1964 Silver Dollar
United States Army Commemorative Coin Act of 2008 110-450 December 1, 2008 December 31, 2011 United States Army Commemorative Coin Program
Boy Scouts of America Centennial Commemorative Coin Act 110-363 October 8, 2008 December 31, 2010 2010 Boy Scouts of America Centennial Silver Dollar
National Infantry Museum and Soldier Center Commemorative Coin Act 110-357 October 8, 2008 December 31, 2012 2012 Infantry Soldier Silver Dollar
American Veterans Disabled for Life Commemorative Coin Act 110-277 July 17, 2008 December 31, 2010 2010 American Veterans Disabled for Life Silver Dollar
Thomas Alva Edison Technical Commemorative Coin Correction Act 110-003 February 8, 2007 N/A
Abraham Lincoln Commemorative Coin Act 109-285 September 27, 2006 End of 1-year period beginning on January 1, 2009 2009 Abraham Lincoln Commemorative Silver Dollar
Louis Braille Bicentennial–Braille Literacy Commemorative Coin Act 109-247 July 27, 2006 End of 1-year period beginning on January 1, 2009 2009 Louis Braille Bicentennial Silver Dollar
Lewis and Clark Commemorative Coin Correction Act 109-232 June 15, 2006 N/A
San Francisco Old Mint Commemorative Coin Act 109-230 June 15, 2006 End of 1-year period beginning on January 1, 2006 2006 San Francisco Old Mint Commemorative Coin Program
Little Rock Commemorative Coin Act 109-146 December 22, 2005 December 31, 2007 2007 Little Rock Central High School Desegregation Silver Dollar
American Bald Eagle Recovery and National Emblem Commemorative Coin Act 108-486 December 23, 2004 End of 1-year period beginning on January 1, 2008 2008 Bald Eagle Commemorative Coin Program
Benjamin Franklin Commemorative Coin Act 108-464 December 21, 2004 December 31, 2006 2006 Benjamin Franklin Commemorative Coin Program
230th Anniversary of the United States Marine Corps Commemorative Coin Act 108-291 August 6, 2004 December 31, 2005 Marine Corps 230th Anniversary Silver Dollar
Chief Justice John Marshall Commemorative Coin Act 108-290 August 6, 2004 December 31, 2005 Chief Justice John Marshall Silver Dollar
Jamestown 400th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Act of 2004 108-289 August 6, 2004 December 31, 2007 Jamestown 400th Anniversary Commemorative Coin Program
2002 Winter Olympic Commemorative Coin Act 106-435 November 6, 2000 December 31, 2002 Olympic Winter Games Commemorative Coins
American Buffalo Coin Commemorative Coin Act of 2000 106-375 October 27, 2000 December 31, 2001 American Buffalo Commemorative Coin
Leif Ericson Millennium Commemorative Coin Act 106-126 Section 101-107 December 31, 1999 December 31, 2000 Leif Ericson Millennium Commemorative Coins
United States Capitol Visitor Center Commemorative Coin Act of 1999 106-126 Section 201-108 December 31, 1999 December 31, 2001 U.S. Capitol Visitor Center Commemorative Coins
Lewis and Clark Expedition Bicentennial Commemorative Coin Act 106-126 Section 301-309 December 31, 1999 December 31, 2004 Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Silver Dollar
Thomas Alva Edison Commemorative Coin Act 105-331 October 31, 1998 December 31, 2004 Thomas Alva Edison Commemorative Coin
Library of Congress Bicentennial Commemorative Coin Act of 1998 105-268 October 19, 1998 December 31, 2000 Library of Congress Commemorative Coins
50 States Commemorative Coin Program Act 105-124 Section 1-3 December 1, 1997 December 31, 2008
United States $1 Coin Act of 1997 105-124 Section 4 December 1, 1997 Indefinitely Native American $1 Coin Program

Presidential $1 Coin Program

First Flight Commemorative Coin Act 105-124 Section 6 December 1, 1997 July 31, 2004 First Flight Centennial Commemorative Coins
Dolley Madison Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.1 October 20, 1996 December 31, 1999 Dolley Madison Commemorative Silver Dollar
George Washington Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.2 October 20, 1996 November 31, 1999 George Washington Gold $5
Black Revolutionary War patriots Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.3 October 20, 1996 December 31, 1998 Black Revolutionary War Patriots Dollar
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.4 October 20, 1996 End of 1-year period beginning on or after May 15, 1997. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Gold $5
Yellowstone National Park Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.5 October 20, 1996 End of 1-year period beginning in 1999 Yellowstone National Park Silver Dollar
National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.6 October 20, 1996 End of 1-year period beginning on or after December 15, 1997. National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Dollar
Jackie Robinson Commemorative Coin Act 104-329 Section 101.7 October 20, 1996 July 1, 1998 Jackie Robinson Commemorative Coins
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Commemorative Coins Act 103-328 Section 206 September 29, 1994 Not less than 6 months and not more than 12 months, beginning no later than January 1, 1998. Robert F. Kennedy Dollar
United States Military Academy Bicentennial Commemorative Coins Act 103-328 Section 207 September 29, 1994 March 16, 2003 West Point Bicentennial Commemorative Coin
United States Botanic Garden Commemorative Coins Act 103-328 Section 208 September 29, 1994 December 31, 1997 Botanic Garden Dollar

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Circulating Coins Legislated by Congress

Public Law
Number
Date Bill Passed
into Law
Related Products
America’s Beautiful National Parks Quarter Dollar Coin Act of 2008 110-456 December 23, 2008 America the Beautiful Quarters Program
Technical amendment to authorize the United States Mint to mint and issue 2008 “Sacagawea design” Golden Dollars 110-192 February 29, 2008 Native American $1 Coin Program
To provide for the continued minting and issuance of certain $1 coins in 2008 110-192 February 29, 2008 Native American $1 Coin Program

Presidential $1 Coin Program

Redesign and Issuance of Circulating Quarter Dollar Honoring the District of Columbia and each of the Territories (Consolidated Appropriations Act 2008, Division D, Section 622, H.R. 2764) 110-161 December 26, 2007 D.C. and U.S. Territories Quarters Program
Revising the Placement of the Inscription “In God We Trust” on the Presidential and Native American $1 Coins (Consolidated Appropriations Act 2008, Division D, Section 623, H.R. 2764) 110-161 December 26, 2007 Native American $1 Coin Program

Presidential $1 Coin Program

Exception from the $1 Coin Dispensing Capability Requirements for Certain Vending Machines 110-147 December 21, 2007 Native American $1 Coin Program

Presidential $1 Coin Program

2009 Lincoln Bicentennial One-Cent Coin Amendment 109-145 December 22, 2005 Lincoln Penny
Native American $1 Coin Act of 2008 110-82 September 20, 2007 Native American $1 Coin Program
Westward Journey Nickel Series Technical Amendment 109-230, Section 8 June 15, 2006 Westward Journey Nickel Series
Presidential Dollar Coin Act of 2005 109-145 December 22, 2005 Presidential $1 Coin Program
Westward Journey Nickel Series 108-15 April 23, 2003 Westward Journey Nickel Series
United States $1 Coin Act of 1997 105-124 December 1, 1997 Native American $1 Coin Program

Presidential $1 Coin Program

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Medals Legislated by Congress

Public Law
Number
Date Bill Passed
into Law
Related Products
Bob Dole Congressional Gold Medal Act 115-60 September 15, 2017
Office of Strategic Services Congressional Gold Medal Act 114-269 December 14, 2016
Filipino Veterans of World War II Congressional Gold Medal Act 114-265 December 14, 2016 Filipino Veterans of World War II Bronze Medal
To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the Foot Soldiers who participated in Bloody Sunday, Turnaround Tuesday, or the final Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March in March of 1965, which served as a catalyst for the Voting Rights Act of 1965. 114-5 March 7, 2015 Foot Soldiers of the 1965 Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights Marches Bronze Medal
To provide for the award of a gold medal on behalf of Congress to Jack Nicklaus, in recognition of his service to the Nation in promoting excellence, good sportsmanship, and philanthropy. 113-210 December 16, 2014 Jack Nicklaus Bronze Medal
To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the 65th Infantry Regiment, known as the Borinqueneers 113-120 June 10, 2014  U.S. Army 65th Infantry Regiment Bronze Medal
Gold Medal Technical Corrections Act of 2014 113-118 June 10, 2014
Monuments Men Recognition Act 113-116 June 9, 2014 Monuments Men Bronze Medal
To award the Congressional Gold Medal to Shimon Peres 113-114 June 9, 2014
To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol 113-108 May 30, 2014 Civil Air Patrol Bronze Medal
To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the “Doolittle Tokyo Raiders”  for outstanding heroism, valor, skill, and service to the United States in conducting bombings of Tokyo. 113-106 May 23, 2014 Doolittle Tokyo Raiders Bronze Medal
American Fighter Aces Congressional Gold Medal Act 113-105 May 23, 2014 American Fighter Aces Bronze Medal
To grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the First Special Service Force, in recognition of its superior service during World War II 113-16 July 12, 2013 First Special Service Force Bronze Medal
To award posthumously a Congressional Gold Medal to Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Wesley to commemorate the lives they lost 50 years ago in the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, where these 4 little Black girls’ ultimate sacrifice served as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement 113-11 May 24, 2013 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing Victims Bronze Medal
Raoul Wallenberg Centennial Celebration Act 112-148 July 26, 2012
Fallen Heroes of 9/11 Act 112-76 December 23, 2011 The 2011 Fallen Heroes of 9/11 Bronze Medals
To grant the Congressional Gold Medal to the Montford Point Marines 112-59 November 23, 2011 Montford Point Marines Bronze Medal
The 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team Congressional Gold Medal Act 111-254 October 5, 2010 The Nisei Soldiers of World War II Bronze Medal
Dr. Muhammad Yunus Congressional Gold Medal Act 111-253 October 5, 2010 Professor Muhammad Yunus Bronze Medal
National September 11 Memorial & Museum Commemorative Medal Act of 2010 111-221 August 6, 2010
Arnold Palmer Congressional Gold Medal Act 111-65 September 30, 2009 Arnold Palmer Bronze Medal
New Frontier Congressional Gold Medal Act 111-44 August 7, 2009 New Frontier Bronze Medal
Women Airforce Service Pilots (“WASP”) Congressional Gold Medal Act 111-40 July 1, 2009 The Women Airforce Service Pilots Bronze Medal
Code Talkers Recognition Act of 2008 110-420 October 15, 2008 Native American Code Talkers
Stephanie Tubbs Jones Gift of Life Medal Act of 2008 110-413 October 14, 2008
Edward William Brooke III Congressional Gold Medal Act 110-260 July 1, 2008 Sen. Edward William Brooke III Bronze Medal
Constantino Brumidi Congressional Gold Medal Act 110-259 July 1, 2008 Constantino Brumidi Bronze Medal
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Congressional Gold Medal Act 110-209 May 6, 2008 Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Bronze Medal
Michael Ellis DeBakey, M.D. Congressional Gold Medal Act 110-95 October 16, 2007 Dr. Michael E. DeBakey, M.D. Bronze Medal
Congressional Tribute to Dr. Norman E. Borlaug Act of 2006 109-395 December 14, 2006 Dr. Norman Borlaug Bronze Medal
Byron Nelson Congressional Gold Medal Act 109-357 October 16, 2006 Byron Nelson Bronze Medal
Fourteenth Dalai Lama Congressional Gold Medal Act 109-287 September 27, 2006 Dalai Lama Bronze Medal
Tuskegee Airmen Congressional Gold Medal Act 109-213 April 11, 2006 Tuskegee Airmen Bronze Medal
Rev. Martin L. King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King Congressional Gold Medal Act 108-368 October 25, 2004 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King Bronze Medal
Brown vs. The Board of Education Congressional Gold Medal Act 108-180 December 15, 2003
Dr. Dorothy Height Congressional Gold Medal 108-162 December 6, 2003
Jackie Robinson Congressional Gold Medal Act 108-101 October 29, 2003
Prime Minister Tony Blair Congressional Gold Medal Act 108-60 July 17, 2003
Navajo Code Talkers Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-554 December 15, 2000 Navajo Code Talkers Congressional Gold Medals
Ronald and Nancy Reagan Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-251 July 27, 2000
Pope John Paul II Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-250 July 27, 2000
Charles M. Schulz Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-225 July 20, 2000
John Cardinal O’Connor Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-175 March 5, 2000
Father Theodore M. Hesburgh Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-153 December 9, 1999
Rosa Parks Congressional Gold Medal Act 106-26 May 4, 1999
Little Rock Nine Congressional Gold Medal Act 105-277 October 21, 1998
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Congressional Gold Medal Act 105-215 July 29, 1998
Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew Congressional Gold Medal Act 105-51 October 6, 1997
Mother Teresa of Calcutta Congressional Gold Medal Act 105-16 June 2, 1997
Francis Albert ”Frank” Sinatra Congressional Gold Medal Act 105-14 May 14, 1997
Ruth and Billy Graham Congressional Gold Medal Act 104-111 February 13, 1996
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial Commemorative Medal and Fire Service Bill of Rights Act 102-406 October 12, 1992
General Colin L. Powell Congressional Gold Medal Act 102-33 April 23, 1991
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf Congressional Gold Medal Act 102-32 April 23, 1991

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Bullion Coins Legislated by Congress

Public Law
Number
Date Bill Passed
into Law
America’s Beautiful National Parks – Title II: Bullion Investment Products (United States Mint America the Beautiful Silver Bullion Coin TM Program 110-456 December 23, 2008
Title II – Buffalo Gold Bullion Coins (American Buffalo Bullion Coins) 109-145 December 22, 2005
Title V – General Provisions (American Eagle Platinum Bullion Coins) (Page 110 STAT 3009-348, Sec. 524) 104-208 September 30, 1996
Gold Bullion Coin Act of 1985 (American Eagle Gold Bullion Coins) 99-185 December 17, 1985
Title II -Liberty Coins (American Eagle Silver Bullion One Ounce Coins) 99-61 July 9, 1985

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