Beautiful Bayou

Summary

Students will describe the bayou environment and its special features. Students will identify key physical characteristics of a wild turkey.

Coin Type(s)

  • Quarter

Coin Program(s)

  • America the Beautiful Quarters

Objectives

Students will describe the bayou environment and its special features. Students will identify key physical characteristics of a wild turkey.

Major Subject Area Connections

  • Language Arts
  • Science

Grades

  • K
  • 1st

Class Time

  • Sessions: Four
  • Session Length: 30 minutes
  • Total Length: 91-120 minutes

Groupings

  • Whole group
  • Pairs
  • Individual work

Background Knowledge

  • Following directions and step-by-step instructions
  • Habitats
  • Basic needs of animals
  • Prepositions

Terms and Concepts

  • Quarter
  • Obverse (front)
  • Reverse (back)
  • Kisatchie National Forest
  • Bayou
  • Creek
  • Swamp
  • Diagrams
  • Predator
  • Prey
  • Wattle
  • Poult

Materials

  • 1 overhead projector or equivalent technology
  • 1 overhead transparency (or photocopy) of each of the following:
    • "Kisatchie National Forest Quarter" page
    • "By the Bayou" worksheet
    • "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet
    • "Beautiful Bayou Checklist"
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" worksheet
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey Checklist"
  • Copies of the following:
    • "By the Bayou" worksheet
    • "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet
    • "Beautiful Bayou Checklist"
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" worksheet
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey Checklist"
  • 1 copy of an age-appropriate text that gives information about the bayou, such as:
    • Babies on the Bayou by Jim Arnosky
    • Postcards from Buster: Buster and the Great Swamp by Marc Brown
    • Sweet Magnolia by Virginia Kroll
  • 1 copy of an age-appropriate text that gives information about turkeys, such as:
    • All About Turkeys (All About Series) by Jim Arnosky
    • Turkeys (Blast Off! Readers) by Hollie Endres
    • Wild Turkeys (American Animals) by Meryl Magby
  • 1 class map of the United States
  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • Pencils
  • Crayons
  • White construction paper (10-inch squares)
  • Scissors
  • Glue

Preparations

  • Make an overhead transparency (or photocopy) of each of the following:
    • "Kisatchie National Forest Quarter" page
    • "By the Bayou" worksheet
    • "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet
    • "Beautiful Bayou Checklist"
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" worksheet
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey Checklist"
  • Make copies of each of the following:
    • "By the Bayou" worksheet (1 per student)
    • "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet (1 per student)
    • "Beautiful Bayou Checklist" (1 per student)
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" worksheet (1 per student)
    • "The Wonderful Wild Turkey Checklist" (1 per student)
  • Locate a text that gives information about bayous (see examples under "Materials").
  • Locate a text that gives information about wild turkeys (see examples under "Materials").
  • Locate images of bayous.
  • Create a chart labeled "The Bayou" for Session 1.
  • Cut 10-inch square pieces of construction paper (1 for each pair of students).
  • Create a chart labeled "Wild Turkeys" for Session 3.
  • Create a T-chart labeled "Predator/Prey" for Session 3.
  • Locate different examples of diagrams for Sessions 3 and 4.

Worksheets

Worksheets and files (PDF)

Lesson Steps

Session 1

  1. Display an image of the Louisiana bayou. Tell the students that a bayou is a slow moving creek or swampy part of a river or lake. Record the definition on chart paper.
  2. Display and examine the "Kisatchie National Forest Quarter" page. Locate this site on a class map. Note its position in relation to your school's location. As background information, explain to the students that the United States Mint began to issue the quarters in the America the Beautiful Quarters® Program in 2010. By the time the program ends in 2021, there will be a total of 56 quarter designs. Each design will focus on a different national site—one from each state, territory, and the District of Columbia.
  3. Tell the students that the front of a coin is called the "obverse" and the back is called the "reverse."  Ask the students to tell you about the image on the quarter's reverse. Explain that the image depicts a wild turkey taking flight near the bayou.
  4. Tell the students that they will be learning about the animals that live on and near the bayou. Animals that live "on" the bayou live on or below the water, and animals that live "near" the bayou live beside or near the bayou. Ask the students to share what they may already know about the bayou.
  5. Introduce the students to the selected text about the bayou. As a group, preview the text and illustrations to generate observations about what is occurring at different points in the text. Read the selected text or portions of the text to the class and attend to any unfamiliar vocabulary.
  6. Display the chart "The Bayou." Divide the class into pairs. Have the pairs discuss what they might see on or near the bayou. Add the students' ideas to the chart.
  7. Display and distribute a copy of the "By the Bayou" worksheet to each student. Allow time for the students to complete the worksheet.
  8. Collect the worksheets.

Session 2

  1. Display the chart "The Bayou" and review the information from the previous session, including the animals and plants they might see on or near the bayou.
  2. Display a copy of the "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet. Tell the students that they will work with a partner to create a poster about the bayou, each drawing one thing found on a bayou, and one thing found near a bayou. Have the pairs discuss what they would like to draw for the poster.
  3. Distribute a copy of the "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet to each student. After the students have finished drawing their individual pictures, direct them to complete the sentence strips, naming their drawings.
  4. Distribute a 10-inch square sheet of construction paper to each pair. Have the pairs work together to draw a bayou on the paper. The scene should include a bayou and a near-bayou area.
  5. Have the students each cut out and glue the sentence strips to frame the poster.
  6. Have the students cut out their individual pictures and glue them onto the bayou scene. (They can cut their pictures as rectangles or as the image shape to allow more of the background to show.)
  7. Allow time for the students to complete the poster with their partner.
  8. Display the "Beautiful Bayou Checklist" and review it with the students. Distribute a copy of the checklist to each of the students so they can check their work.
  9. Have the students fill in the "Beautiful Bayou Checklist."
  10. Collect the posters and checklists.
  11. Display the completed posters in the classroom assembled as a bayou quilt.

Sessions 3 and 4

  1. Review the information and charts from the previous sessions. Display the "Kisatchie National Forest Quarter" page.
  2. Direct the students' attention to the wild turkey on the coin. Ask the students what they know about wild turkeys. Explain to the students that wild turkeys live in Kisatchie National Forest. Discuss with the students why wild turkeys might live near the bayou. For instance, the bayou's surrounding area has many plants, seeds, and insects for the wild turkey to eat.
  3. Introduce the students to the selected text about wild turkeys. As a group, preview the text and illustrations to generate observations about what is occurring at different points in the text. Read the selected text or portions of the text to the class and attend to any unfamiliar vocabulary. Add vocabulary and definitions to the chart "The Bayou."
  4. Lead a class discussion about what wild turkeys need to survive. Ask the students where wild turkeys might find food, water, and shelter in the bayou.
  5. Display the "Wild Turkeys" chart and add the ideas to the chart paper. Discuss with the students the special features of a wild turkey, such as the wild turkey's long legs, dark colored feathers, long neck, strong wings, etc. Tell the students that a poult is a baby turkey and the wattle is a piece of skin that hangs down from the wild turkey's beak. Add new vocabulary and definitions to the "Wild Turkeys" chart.
  6. Return to the Kisatchie National Forest coin image and ask the students how wild turkeys might protect themselves from animals that might want to eat them.
  7. Display and read the title on the T-chart, "Predator/Prey." Ask the students what they think the words mean. Tell the students that a predator is an animal that hunts other animals and that a prey animal is hunted by other animals. Add the definitions to the chart.
  8. Ask the students what body parts a wild turkey might use to prey on other animals or insects. Have students share the name of a predator of a wild turkey or an animal or insect a wild turkey preys on. Add these to the T-chart.
  9. Display examples of diagrams. Tell the students a diagram is a drawing that shows and tells about the different parts of something. Tell the students they will be completing a diagram of a wild turkey.
  10. Display the "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" worksheet and read the directions as a class. Identify the different body parts of the wild turkey. Add any unfamiliar words and definitions to the "Wild Turkeys" chart.
  11. Distribute the worksheet and allow time for the students to complete it.
  12. Display the "The Wonderful Wild Turkey Checklist" and review it with the students.
  13. Distribute the checklist and allow time for the students to complete it.
  14. Collect the worksheets and checklists.
  15. Display the completed worksheets in the classroom.

Differentiated Learning Options

  • Have students use pre-cut pictures to create their "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet and "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" project.
  • Have students work with a partner to complete the "Beautiful Bayou" worksheet and "The Wonderful Wild Turkey" project.
  • Allow extended time for completing the work.

Enrichments/Extensions

  • Have students research and demonstrate an understanding of other animals that live on or near the bayou by creating a diorama, poem, or song on the animal of their choice.
  • Have students use a Venn diagram to compare farm and wild turkeys.
  • Have students use premade labels for the wild turkey diagram.
  • Have students use the wild turkey diagram pieces to create a puzzle.
  • Have students draw the wild turkey and label the body parts.
  • Have students learn more about homophones with the "Flower or Flour?" Teacher Feature for grades 2 through 5.
  • Have students learn more about wild turkeys with the 2013 Native American $1 Coin lesson plan for grades 2 and 3 "Let's Talk Turkey."
  • Have students learn more about habitats with the 2015 America the Beautiful Quarters Program lesson plan for grades 2 and 3 for Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge.
  • Have students learn how Benjamin Franklin wanted the wild turkey as our national bird instead of the bald eagle with the "Turkeys or Eagles?" lesson plan for grades Kindergarten through 2.

Assess

Use the students' class participation, worksheets, and checklists to evaluate whether they have met the lesson objectives.

Common Core Standards

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: RL.1 Reading: Literature
Grade(s): Grade 1
Cluster: Craft and Structure
Standards:

  • RL.1.4. Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
  • RL.1.5. Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types.
  • RL.1.6. Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

Discipline: Language Arts
Domain: RL.K Reading: Literature
Grade(s): Grade 1
Cluster: Key Ideas and Details
Standards:

  • RL.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  • RL.K.2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.
  • RL.K.3. With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

National Standards

Discipline: Science
Domain: K-4 Content Standards
Cluster: Life Science
Grade(s): Grades K–4
Standards:

  • Characteristics of organisms
  • Life cycles of organisms
  • Organisms and environments